Table_4_Effect of Interleukin-15 Receptor Alpha Ablation on the Metabolic Responses to Moderate Exercise Simulated by in vivo Isometric Muscle Contrac.XLSX (20.06 kB)

Table_4_Effect of Interleukin-15 Receptor Alpha Ablation on the Metabolic Responses to Moderate Exercise Simulated by in vivo Isometric Muscle Contractions.XLSX

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posted on 26.11.2019, 04:35 by Emanuele Loro, Cholsoon Jang, William J. Quinn, Joseph A. Baur, Zoltan P. Arany, Tejvir S. Khurana

Lack of interleukin 15 receptor alpha (IL15RA) increases spontaneous activity, exercise capacity and protects from diet-induced obesity by enhancing muscle energy metabolism, suggesting a role as exercise mimetic for IL15RA antagonists. Using controlled in vivo muscle stimulation mimicking moderate exercise in normal and Il15ra–/– mice, we mapped and contrasted the metabolic pathways activated upon stimulation or deletion of IL15RA. Stimulation caused the differential regulation of 123 out of the 321 detected metabolites (FDR ≤ 0.05 and fold change ≥ ±1.5). The main energy pathways activated were fatty acid oxidation, nucleotide metabolism, and anaplerotic reactions. Notably, resting Il15ra–/– muscles were primed in a semi-exercised state, characterized by higher pool sizes of fatty acids oxidized to support muscle activity. These studies identify the role of IL15RA in the system-wide metabolic response to exercise and should enable translational studies to harness the potential of IL15RA blockade as a novel exercise mimetic strategy.

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