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Table_4_Draft Genome of a Blister Beetle Mylabris aulica.xls (2.43 MB)

Table_4_Draft Genome of a Blister Beetle Mylabris aulica.xls

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posted on 2020-01-14, 13:53 authored by De-Long Guan, Xiao-Qian Hao, Da Mi, Jiong Peng, Yuan Li, Juan-Ying Xie, Huateng Huang, Sheng-Quan Xu

Mylabris aulica is a widely distributed blister beetle of the Meloidae family. It has the ability to synthesize a potent defensive secretion that includes cantharidin, a toxic compound used to treat many major illnesses. However, owing to the lack of genetic studies on cantharidin biosynthesis in M. aulica, the commercial use of this species is less extensive than that of other blister beetle species in China. This study reports a draft assembly and possible genes and pathways related to cantharidin biosynthesis for the M. aulica blister beetle using nanopore sequencing data. The draft genome assembly size was 288.5 Mb with a 467.8 Kb N50, and a repeat content of 50.62%. An integrated gene finding pipeline performed for assembly obtained 16,500 protein coding genes. Benchmarking universal single-copy orthologs assessment showed that this gene set included 94.4% complete Insecta universal single-copy orthologs. Over 99% of these genes were assigned functional annotations in the gene ontology, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes, or Genbank non-redundant databases. Comparative genomic analysis showed that the completeness and continuity of our assembly was better than those of Hycleus cichorii and Hycleus phaleratus blister beetle genomes. The analysis of homologous orthologous genes and inference from evolutionary history imply that the Mylabris and Hycleus genera are genetically close, have a similar genetic background, and have differentiated within one million years. This M. aulica genome assembly provides a valuable resource for future blister beetle studies and will contribute to cantharidin biosynthesis.