Table_4_Biomarker Discovery for the Carcinogenic Heterogeneity Between Colon and Rectal Cancers Based on lncRNA-Associated ceRNA Network Analysis.xlsx (10.78 kB)

Table_4_Biomarker Discovery for the Carcinogenic Heterogeneity Between Colon and Rectal Cancers Based on lncRNA-Associated ceRNA Network Analysis.xlsx

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posted on 30.10.2020, 06:05 authored by Xin Qi, Yuxin Lin, Xingyun Liu, Jiajia Chen, Bairong Shen
Background

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the leading causes of cancer death worldwide. Emerging evidence has revealed that risk factors and metastatic patterns differ greatly between colon and rectal cancers. However, the molecular mechanism underlying their pathogenic differences remains unclear. Therefore, we here aimed to identify non-coding RNA biomarkers based on lncRNA-associated ceRNA network (LceNET) to elucidate the carcinogenic heterogeneity between colon and rectal cancers.

Methods

A global LceNET in human was constructed by employing experimental evidence-based miRNA-mRNA and miRNA-lncRNA interactions. Then, four context-specific ceRNA networks related to cancer initiation and metastasis were extracted by mapping differentially expressed lncRNAs, miRNAs and mRNAs to the global LceNET. Notably, a novel network-based bioinformatics model was proposed and applied to identify lncRNA/miRNA biomarkers and critical ceRNA triplets for understanding the carcinogenic heterogeneity between colon and rectal cancers. Moreover, the identified biomarkers were further validated by their diagnostic/prognostic performance, expression pattern and correlation analysis.

Results

Based on network modeling, lncRNA KCNQ1OT1 (AUC>0.85) and SNHG1 (AUC>0.94) were unveiled as common diagnostic biomarkers for the initiation and metastasis of colon and rectal cancers. qRT-PCR analysis uncovered that these lncRNAs had significantly higher expression level in CRC cell lines with high metastatic potential. In particular, KCNQ1OT1 and SNHG1 function in colon and rectal cancers via different ceRNA mechanisms. For example, KCNQ1OT1/miR-484/ANKRD36 axis was involved in the initiation of colon cancer, while KCNQ1OT1/miR-181a-5p/PCGF2 axis was implicated in the metastasis of rectal cancer; the SNHG1/miR-484/ORC6 axis played a role in colon cancer, while SNHG1/miR-423-5p/EZH2 and SNHG1/let-7b-5p/ATP6V1F axes participated in the initiation and metastasis of rectal cancer, respectively. In these ceRNA triplets, miR-484, miR-181a-5p, miR-423-5p and let-7b-5p were identified as miRNA biomarkers with excellent distinguishing ability between normal and tumor tissues, and ANKRD36, PCGF2, EZH2 and ATP6V1F were closely related to the prognosis of corresponding cancer.

Conclusion

The landscape of lncRNA-associated ceRNA network not only facilitates the exploration of non-coding RNA biomarkers, but also provides deep insights into the oncogenetic heterogeneity between colon and rectal cancers, thereby contributing to the optimization of diagnostic and therapeutic strategies of CRC.

History

References