Table_3_The Diagnostic and Immunotherapeutic Value of CD248 in Renal Cell Carcinoma.DOCX
Background: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common malignancy in the urinary system. Despite substantial improvements in available treatment options, the survival outcome of advanced RCC is unsatisfactory. Identifying novel biomarkers to assist in early diagnosis and to screen patients who are sensitive to immunotherapy would be beneficial. CD248 is a promising candidate that deserves to be investigated.
Methods: The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) data set and clinical specimens were adopted to analyze the expression of CD248 between normal and tumor tissues. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were employed to identify independent prognostic factors and construct a CD248-based prognostic signature. The correlation among the present signature, tumor-infiltrating immune cells (TIICs), the tumor mutation burden (TMB), and immunomodulatory molecules was evaluated. The weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA), the enrichment analysis, and the miRNA correlation analysis were performed to explore the underlying mechanism of CD248 in the progression of RCC.
Results: The overexpression of CD248 in RCC was related to a poor prognosis, and a CD248-based prognostic signature could precisely stratify patients with RCC with different survival outcomes regardless of the training or testing cohort. The present signature could reflect the immunosuppressive landscape of RCC (i.e., increased infiltration of regulatory T cells and upregulated immune checkpoints), accompanied by deteriorated clinicopathologic indexes. The TMB and immunostimulatory molecules expression also increased with the risk score generated from the present signature. CD248 co-expressed gene sets were identified through the WGCNA algorithm, and several immunosuppressive Gene Ontology (GO) terms and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways were significantly enriched. The result of CD248-correlated miRNA further emphasized the importance of CD248 in RCC.
Conclusion: CD248 is a valuable biomarker to improve the diagnostic and therapeutic efficiency of RCC. The immunosuppressive effect of CD248 co-expressed genes may provide insight for the present study, and miRNA would help to reveal the mechanism of the expressive regulation of CD248.