Table_3_Pre-COVID-19 Immunity to Common Cold Human Coronaviruses Induces a Recall-Type IgG Response to SARS-CoV-2 Antigens Without Cross-Neutralisatio.xlsx (174.43 kB)
Download file

Table_3_Pre-COVID-19 Immunity to Common Cold Human Coronaviruses Induces a Recall-Type IgG Response to SARS-CoV-2 Antigens Without Cross-Neutralisation.xlsx

Download (174.43 kB)
dataset
posted on 11.02.2022, 04:42 authored by Makoto Miyara, Melissa Saichi, Delphine Sterlin, François Anna, Stéphane Marot, Alexis Mathian, Mo Atif, Paul Quentric, Audrey Mohr, Laetitia Claër, Christophe Parizot, Karim Dorgham, Hans Yssel, Jehane Fadlallah, Thibaut Chazal, Julien Haroche, Charles-Edouard Luyt, Julien Mayaux, Alexandra Beurton, Neila Benameur, David Boutolleau, Sonia Burrel, Sophia de Alba, Sasi Mudumba, Rick Hockett, Cary Gunn, Pierre Charneau, Vincent Calvez, Anne-Geneviève Marcelin, Alain Combes, Alexandre Demoule, Zahir Amoura, Guy Gorochov

The capacity of pre-existing immunity to human common coronaviruses (HCoV) to cross-protect against de novo COVID-19is yet unknown. In this work, we studied the sera of 175 COVID-19 patients, 76 healthy donors and 3 intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIG) batches. We found that most COVID-19 patients developed anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibodies before IgM. Moreover, the capacity of their IgGs to react to beta-HCoV, was present in the early sera of most patients before the appearance of anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG. This implied that a recall-type antibody response was generated. In comparison, the patients that mounted an anti-SARS-COV2 IgM response, prior to IgG responses had lower titres of anti-beta-HCoV IgG antibodies. This indicated that pre-existing immunity to beta-HCoV was conducive to the generation of memory type responses to SARS-COV-2. Finally, we also found that pre-COVID-19-era sera and IVIG cross-reacted with SARS-CoV-2 antigens without neutralising SARS-CoV-2 infectivity in vitro. Put together, these results indicate that whilst pre-existing immunity to HCoV is responsible for recall-type IgG responses to SARS-CoV-2, it does not lead to cross-protection against COVID-19.

History