Table_3_Polymorphisms and Circulating Plasma Protein Levels of Immune Checkpoints (CTLA-4 and PD-1) Are Associated With Posner-Schlossman Syndrome in .docx (718.12 kB)
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Table_3_Polymorphisms and Circulating Plasma Protein Levels of Immune Checkpoints (CTLA-4 and PD-1) Are Associated With Posner-Schlossman Syndrome in Southern Chinese.docx

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posted on 24.02.2021, 04:12 by Xiaosheng Huang, Xinhua Liu, Ye Ye, Tong Zhang, Shaoyi Mei, Tianhui Zhu, Shiming Peng, Jiamin Cai, Zonghui Yan, Kun Zeng, Danyao Nie, Liangnan Sun, Xiaofeng Hou, Jun Zhao

Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte associated protein 4 (CTLA-4) and programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) are well-known key immune checkpoints that play a crucial dampening effect on regulating T-cell homeostasis and self-tolerance. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the association between immune checkpoints (CTLA-4 and PD-1) and Posner-Schlossman syndrome (PSS) in a southern Chinese population. A total of 137 patients with PSS and 139 healthy controls from a southern Chinese population were recruited. Five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of CTLA-4 (rs733618, rs4553808, rs5742909, rs231775, and rs3087243) and five SNPs of PD-1 (rs10204525, rs2227981, rs2227982, rs41386349, and rs36084323) were genotyped by SNaPshot technique. Soluble CTLA-4 (sCTLA-4) and soluble PD-1 (sPD-1) were determined by ELISA and antibody array assay, respectively. The frequencies of T allele at rs733618 and A allele at rs231775 of CTLA-4 were significantly higher in PSS patients than in healthy controls (corrected p (Pc) = 0.037; Pc = 0.044, respectively). The haplotype frequencies of CACGG haplotype (rs733618-rs4553808-rs5742909-rs231775-rs3087243) of CTLA-4 and TGAGC haplotype (rs10204525-rs2227981-rs2227982-rs41386349-rs36084323) of PD-1 in the PSS group was significantly lower than those in the control group (Pc = 0.015, p = 0.034, respectively). Circulating plasma levels of sCTLA-4 and sPD-1 in PSS patients were significantly higher than those in controls (all p < 0.001). The present study suggests that CTLA-4 and PD-1 genetic polymorphisms are associated with the susceptibility to PSS in a southern Chinese population. The upregulated circulating plasma protein levels of sCTLA-4 and sPD-1 might provide some hints regarding the dysfunction of immune checkpoints in PSS during the active status.

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