Table_3_Organelle Visualization With Multicolored Fluorescent Markers in Bamboo.DOCX
Bamboo is an important model plant to study the molecular mechanisms of rapid shoot growth and flowering once in a lifetime. However, bamboo research about protein functional characterization is largely lagged behind, mainly due to the lack of gene transformation platforms. In this study, a protoplast transient gene expression system in moso bamboo has been first established. Using this reliable and efficient system, we have generated a set of multicolored fluorescent markers based on the targeting sequences from endogenous proteins, which have been validated by their comparative localization with Arabidopsis organelle markers, in a combination with pharmaceutical treatments. Moreover, we further demonstrated the power of this multicolor marker set for rapid, combinatorial analysis of the subcellular localization of uncharacterized proteins, which may play potential functions in moso bamboo flowering and fast growth of shoots. Finally, this protoplast transient gene expression system has been elucidated for functional analysis in protein–protein interaction by fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) and co-immunoprecipitation analysis. Taken together, in combination with the set of moso bamboo organelle markers, the protoplast transient gene expression system could be used for subcellular localization and functional study of unknown proteins in bamboo and will definitely promote rapid progress in diverse areas of research in bamboo plants.