Table_3_Multi-Omics Data Fusion for Cancer Molecular Subtyping Using Sparse Canonical Correlation Analysis.XLSX (10.65 kB)
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Table_3_Multi-Omics Data Fusion for Cancer Molecular Subtyping Using Sparse Canonical Correlation Analysis.XLSX

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posted on 22.07.2021, 05:45 authored by Lin Qi, Wei Wang, Tan Wu, Lina Zhu, Lingli He, Xin Wang

It is now clear that major malignancies are heterogeneous diseases associated with diverse molecular properties and clinical outcomes, posing a great challenge for more individualized therapy. In the last decade, cancer molecular subtyping studies were mostly based on transcriptomic profiles, ignoring heterogeneity at other (epi-)genetic levels of gene regulation. Integrating multiple types of (epi)genomic data generates a more comprehensive landscape of biological processes, providing an opportunity to better dissect cancer heterogeneity. Here, we propose sparse canonical correlation analysis for cancer classification (SCCA-CC), which projects each type of single-omics data onto a unified space for data fusion, followed by clustering and classification analysis. Without loss of generality, as case studies, we integrated two types of omics data, mRNA and miRNA profiles, for molecular classification of ovarian cancer (n = 462), and breast cancer (n = 451). The two types of omics data were projected onto a unified space using SCCA, followed by data fusion to identify cancer subtypes. The subtypes we identified recapitulated subtypes previously recognized by other groups (all P- values < 0.001), but display more significant clinical associations. Especially in ovarian cancer, the four subtypes we identified were significantly associated with overall survival, while the taxonomy previously established by TCGA did not (P- values: 0.039 vs. 0.12). The multi-omics classifiers we established can not only classify individual types of data but also demonstrated higher accuracies on the fused data. Compared with iCluster, SCCA-CC demonstrated its superiority by identifying subtypes of higher coherence, clinical relevance, and time efficiency. In conclusion, we developed an integrated bioinformatic framework SCCA-CC for cancer molecular subtyping. Using two case studies in breast and ovarian cancer, we demonstrated its effectiveness in identifying biologically meaningful and clinically relevant subtypes. SCCA-CC presented a unique advantage in its ability to classify both single-omics data and multi-omics data, which significantly extends the applicability to various data types, and making more efficient use of published omics resources.

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