Table_3_Long Non-coding RNA ENST00000453774.1 Confers an Inhibitory Effect on Renal Fibrosis by Inhibiting miR-324-3p to Promote NRG1 Expression.DOCX (29.13 kB)
Download file

Table_3_Long Non-coding RNA ENST00000453774.1 Confers an Inhibitory Effect on Renal Fibrosis by Inhibiting miR-324-3p to Promote NRG1 Expression.DOCX

Download (29.13 kB)
dataset
posted on 19.11.2021, 04:57 authored by Shumei Tang, Gong Xiao, Qiongjing Yuan, Wei Lin, Xiangning Yuan, Xi Fang, Tianci Deng, Xiangcheng Xiao

Progressive or chronic renal diseases arise from a process of destructive renal fibrosis. Therefore, the molecular basis of renal fibrosis has attracted increasing attention. In this investigation, we set out to elucidate the potential interaction among long non-coding RNA ENST00000453774.1 (lncRNA 74.1), microRNA-324-3p (miR-324-3p), and NRG1, and to investigate their roles in the context of cellular autophagy and renal fibrosis. We collected 30 renal fibrosis tissue samples for analysis. In other studies, HK-2 cells were stimulated with TGF-β1 to induce a cell model of renal fibrosis, followed by alteration on the expression of lncRNA 74.1, miR-324-3p, or NRG1, or by the addition of AKT activator SC79 in the HK-2 cells. The expression levels of lncRNA 74.1, miR-324-3p, NRG1, autophagy-related proteins (ATG5, ATG7, LC3II/I, and P62), and the corresponding fibrosis markers (Collagen I, Fibronectin, and α-SMA) were subsequently determined using various assay methods. In addition, the proportion of LC3 positive cells and number of autophagosomes were recorded. Results revealed that lncRNA 74.1 and NRG1 were poorly expressed and miR-324-3p was highly expressed in renal fibrosis tissues and modeled cells. LncRNA 74.1 could bind to miR-324-3p, which led to upregulated NRG1 expression and inhibition of the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. Meanwhile, overexpression of lncRNA 74.1 or down-regulation of miR-324-3p increased the levels of ATG5, ATG7, LC3II, and LC3I, and decreased levels of P62, Collagen I, Fibronectin, and α-SMA, accompanied by elevated proportions of LC3 positive cells and autophagosomes. Findings concur in showing that lncRNA 74.1 could induce cellular autophagy and alleviate renal fibrosis by regulating the miR-324-3p-mediated NRG1/PI3K/AKT axis. This axis may thus present a potential molecular target in renal fibrosis treatment.

History

References