Table_3_Laparoscopic vs. Transabdominal Treatment for Overflow Fecal Incontinence Due to Residual Aganglionosis or Transition Zone Pathology in Hirsch.XLSX (10.88 kB)
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Table_3_Laparoscopic vs. Transabdominal Treatment for Overflow Fecal Incontinence Due to Residual Aganglionosis or Transition Zone Pathology in Hirschsprung's Disease Reoperation.XLSX

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posted on 27.04.2021, 05:15 authored by Feng Chen, Xiaoyu Wei, Xiaohua Chen, Lei Xiang, Jiexiong Feng

Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the details of laparoscopic-assisted reoperative surgery for Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR) with overflow fecal incontinence, and to retrospectively compare laparoscopic-assisted surgery with transabdominal pull-through surgery.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed patients with HSCR with overflow fecal incontinence after the initial surgery in our center between January 2002 and December 2018. Pre-operative, peri-operative, and post-operative data were recorded for statistical analysis.

Results: Thirty patients with overflow fecal incontinence after initial megacolon surgery [17 who underwent transanal pull-through (TA-PT) and 13 who underwent laparoscopic-assisted pull-through (LA-PT)] required a secondary surgery [reoperation with LA-PT (LAR-PT) (n = 16) or reoperation with transabdominal pull-through (TR-PT) (n = 14)]. Indications for reoperation were residual aganglionosis (RA) (7/30, 23.3%) or transition zone pathology (TZP) (23/17, 76.7%). Blood loss was significantly decreased in the LAR-PT group (75 ± 29.2 ml) compared to the TR-PT group (190 ± 51.4 ml) (P = 0.001). The length of hospital stay was significantly shorter in the LAR-PT group (10 ± 1.5 days) than that in the TR-PT group (13 ± 2.4 days). No significant differences were found between two groups in surgical methods, defecation function score, or post-operative complications except for wound infection (LAR-PT vs. TR-PT 0 vs. 28.6%, P < 0.05).

Conclusions: It is necessary to make a comprehensive analysis of the causes of fecal incontinence after HSCR surgery and make an accurate judgment using appropriate methods. If a reoperation was inevitable for patients with overflow fecal incontinence due to RA or TZP, a comprehensive evaluation prior to the operation is required to maximize the benefit from reoperation. Although laparoscopic reoperation with heart-shaped anastomosis was safe and feasible for patients with failed initial Soave technique, unnecessary reoperation should be avoided as much as possible.

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