Table_3_Is There a “Biological Desert” With the Discovery of New Plant Viruses? A Retrospective Analysis for New Fruit Tree Viruses.xlsx (17.32 kB)

Table_3_Is There a “Biological Desert” With the Discovery of New Plant Viruses? A Retrospective Analysis for New Fruit Tree Viruses.xlsx

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posted on 19.11.2020, 04:57 by Wanying Hou, Shifang Li, Sebastien Massart

High throughput sequencing technologies accelerated the pace of discovery and identification of new viral species. Nevertheless, biological characterization of a new virus is a complex and long process, which can hardly follow the current pace of virus discovery. This review has analyzed 78 publications of new viruses and viroids discovered from 32 fruit tree species since 2011. The scientific biological information useful for a pest risk assessment and published together with the discovery of a new fruit tree virus or viroid has been analyzed. In addition, the 933 publications citing at least one of these original publications were reviewed, focusing on the biology-related information provided. In the original publications, the scientific information provided was the development of a detection test (94%), whole-genome sequence including UTRs (92%), local and large-scale epidemiological surveys (68%), infectivity and indicators experiments (50%), association with symptoms (25%), host range infection (23%), and natural vector identification (8%). The publication of a new virus is cited 2.8 times per year on average. Only 18% of the citations reported information on the biology or geographical repartition of the new viruses. These citing publications improved the new virus characterization by identifying the virus in a new country or continent, determining a new host, developing a new diagnostic test, studying genome or gene diversity, or by studying the transmission. Based on the gathered scientific information on the virus biology, the fulfillment of a recently proposed framework has been evaluated. A baseline prioritization approach for publishing a new plant virus is proposed for proper assessment of the potential risks caused by a newly identified fruit tree virus.

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