Table_3_Integrating Liquid Biopsy and Radiomics to Monitor Clonal Heterogeneity of EGFR-Positive Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.docx (22.91 kB)
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Table_3_Integrating Liquid Biopsy and Radiomics to Monitor Clonal Heterogeneity of EGFR-Positive Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.docx

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posted on 07.01.2021, 14:49 authored by Federico Cucchiara, Marzia Del Re, Simona Valleggi, Chiara Romei, Iacopo Petrini, Maurizio Lucchesi, Stefania Crucitta, Eleonora Rofi, Annalisa De Liperi, Antonio Chella, Antonio Russo, Romano Danesi
Background

EGFR-positive Non-small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) is a dynamic entity and tumor progression and resistance to tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) arise from the accumulation, over time and across different disease sites, of subclonal genetic mutations. For instance, the occurrence of EGFR T790M is associated with resistance to gefitinib, erlotinib, and afatinib, while EGFR C797S causes osimertinib to lose activity. Sensitive technologies as radiomics and liquid biopsy have great potential to monitor tumor heterogeneity since they are both minimally invasive, easy to perform, and can be repeated over patient’s follow-up, enabling the extraction of valuable information. Yet, to date, there are no reported cases associating liquid biopsy and radiomics during treatment.

Case presentation

In this case series, seven patients with metastatic EGFR-positive NSCLC have been monitored during target therapy. Plasma-derived cell free DNA (cfDNA) was analyzed by a digital droplet PCR (ddPCR), while radiomic analyses were performed using the validated LifeX® software on computed tomography (CT)-images. The dynamics of EGFR mutations in cfDNA was compared with that of radiomic features. Then, for each EGFR mutation, a radiomic signature was defines as the sum of the most predictive features, weighted by their corresponding regression coefficients for the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) model. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were computed to estimate their diagnostic performance. The signatures achieved promising performance on predicting the presence of EGFR mutations (R2 = 0.447, p <0.001 EGFR activating mutations R2 = 0.301, p = 0.003 for T790M; and R2 = 0.354, p = 0.001 for activating plus resistance mutations), confirmed by ROC analysis.

Conclusion

To our knowledge, these are the first cases to highlight a potentially promising strategy to detect clonal heterogeneity and ultimately identify patients at risk of progression during treatment. Together, radiomics and liquid biopsy could detect the appearance of new mutations and therefore suggest new therapeutic management.

History

References