Table_3_Identifying RBM47, HCK, CD53, TYROBP, and HAVCR2 as Hub Genes in Advanced Atherosclerotic Plaques by Network-Based Analysis and Validation.XLSX
Background: Atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases accounted for a quarter of global deaths. Most of these fatal diseases like coronary atherosclerotic disease (CAD) and stroke occur in the advanced stage of atherosclerosis, during which candidate therapeutic targets have not been fully established. This study aims to identify hub genes and possible regulatory targets involved in treatment of advanced atherosclerotic plaques.
Material/Methods: Microarray dataset GSE43292 and GSE28829, both containing advanced atherosclerotic plaques group and early lesions group, were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. Weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) was conducted to identify advanced plaque-related modules. Module conservation analysis was applied to assess the similarity of advanced plaque-related modules between GSE43292 and GSE28829. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis of these modules were performed by Metascape. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were mapped into advanced plaque-related modules and module membership values of DEGs in each module were calculated to identify hub genes. Hub genes were further validated for expression in atherosclerotic samples, for distinguishing capacity of CAD and for potential functions in advanced atherosclerosis.
Results: The lightgreen module (MElightgreen) in GSE43292 and the brown module (MEbrown) in GSE28829 were identified as advanced plaque-related modules. Conservation analysis of these two modules showed high similarity. GO and KEGG enrichment analysis revealed that genes in both MElightgreen and MEbrown were enriched in immune cell activation, secretory granules, cytokine activity, and immunoinflammatory signaling. RBM47, HCK, CD53, TYROBP, and HAVCR2 were identified as common hub genes, which were validated to be upregulated in advanced atherosclerotic plaques, to well distinguish CAD patients from non-CAD people and to regulate immune cell function-related mechanisms in advanced atherosclerosis.
Conclusions: We have identified RBM47, HCK, CD53, TYROBP, and HAVCR2 as immune-responsive hub genes related to advanced plaques, which may provide potential intervention targets to treat advanced atherosclerotic plaques.
Read the peer-reviewed publication
- Gene and Molecular Therapy
- Genetically Modified Animals
- Developmental Genetics (incl. Sex Determination)
- Epigenetics (incl. Genome Methylation and Epigenomics)
- Gene Expression (incl. Microarray and other genome-wide approaches)
- Livestock Cloning
- Genome Structure and Regulation
- Genetic Engineering