Table_3_Identification of Genomic Regions Controlling Leaf Scald Resistance in Sugarcane Using a Bi-parental Mapping Population and Selective Genotyping by Sequencing.DOCX
Leaf scald, caused by Xanthomonas albilineans, is a major sugarcane disease worldwide. The disease is managed primarily with resistant cultivars obtained through classical breeding. However, erratic symptom expression hinders the reliability and reproducibility of selection for resistance. The development and use of molecular markers associated with incompatible/compatible reactions could overcome this limitation. The aim of the present work was to find leaf scald resistance-associated molecular markers in sugarcane to facilitate marker-assisted breeding. A genetic linkage map was constructed by selective genotyping of 89 pseudo F2 progenies of a cross between LCP 85-384 (resistant) and L 99-226 (susceptible) using 1,948 single dose (SD) markers generated from SSR, eSSR, and SNPs. Of these, 1,437 SD markers were mapped onto 294 linkage groups, which covered 19,464 cM with 120 and 138 LGs assigned to the resistant and susceptible parent, respectively. Composite interval mapping identified 8 QTLs associated with the disease response with LOD scores ranging from 3.0 to 7.6 and explained 5.23 to 16.93% of the phenotypic variance. Comparative genomics analysis with Sorghum bicolor allowed us to pinpoint three SNP markers that explained 16% phenotypic variance. In addition, representative stress-responsive genes close to the major effect QTLs showed upregulation in their expression in response to the bacterial infection in leaf/meristem tissue.