Table_3_Identification and Verification on Prognostic Index of Lower-Grade Glioma Immune-Related LncRNAs.xlsx
Previous studies have shown that the prognosis of patients with lower-grade glioma (LGG) is closely related to the infiltration of immune cells and the expression of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs). In this paper, we applied single-sample gene set enrichment analysis (ssGSEA) algorithm to evaluate the expression level of immune genes from tumor tissues in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, and divided patients into the high immune group and the low immune group, which were separately analyzed for differential expression. Venn analysis was taken to select 36 immune-related lncRNAs. To construct a prognostic model of LGG based on immune-related lncRNAs, we divided patients into a training set and a verification set at a ratio of 2:1. Univariate Cox regression and the Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operator (LASSO) regression were performed to select 11 immune-related lncRNAs associated with the prognosis of LGG, and based on these selected lncRNAs, the risk scoring model was constructed. Through Kaplan-Meier analysis, the overall survival (OS) of patients in the high-risk group was significantly lower than that of the low-risk group. Then, established a nomogram including age, gender, neoplasm histologic grade, and risk score. Meanwhile, the predictive performance of the model was evaluated by calculating the C-index, drawing the calibration chart, the clinical decision curve as well as the Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve. Similar results were obtained by utilizing the validation data to verify the above consequences. Based on the TIMER database, the correlation analysis showed that the 11 immune-related lncRNAs risk score of LGG were in connection with the infiltration of the subtypes of immune cells. Subsequently, we performed enrichment analysis, whose results showed that these immune-related lncRNAs played important roles in the progress of LGG. In conclusion, these 11 immune-related lncRNAs have the potential to predict the prognosis of patients with LGG, which may play a key role in the development of LGG.