Table_3_Identification and Validation of New Stable QTLs for Grain Weight and Size by Multiple Mapping Models in Common Wheat.XLSX (9.71 kB)

Table_3_Identification and Validation of New Stable QTLs for Grain Weight and Size by Multiple Mapping Models in Common Wheat.XLSX

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posted on 11.11.2020, 05:06 by Jiajia Cao, Yaoyao Shang, Dongmei Xu, Kangle Xu, Xinran Cheng, Xu Pan, Xue Liu, Mingli Liu, Chang Gao, Shengnan Yan, Hui Yao, Wei Gao, Jie Lu, Haiping Zhang, Cheng Chang, Xianchun Xia, Shihe Xiao, Chuanxi Ma

Improvement of grain weight and size is an important objective for high-yield wheat breeding. In this study, 174 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) derived from the cross between Jing 411 and Hongmangchun 21 were used to construct a high-density genetic map by specific locus amplified fragment sequencing (SLAF-seq). Three mapping methods, including inclusive composite interval mapping (ICIM), genome-wide composite interval mapping (GCIM), and a mixed linear model performed with forward–backward stepwise (NWIM), were used to identify QTLs for thousand grain weight (TGW), grain width (GW), and grain length (GL). In total, we identified 30, 15, and 18 putative QTLs for TGW, GW, and GL that explain 1.1–33.9%, 3.1%–34.2%, and 1.7%–22.8% of the phenotypic variances, respectively. Among these, 19 (63.3%) QTLs for TGW, 10 (66.7%) for GW, and 7 (38.9%) for GL were consistent with those identified by genome-wide association analysis in 192 wheat varieties. Five new stable QTLs, including 3 for TGW (Qtgw.ahau-1B.1, Qtgw.ahau-4B.1, and Qtgw.ahau-4B.2) and 2 for GL (Qgl.ahau-2A.1 and Qgl.ahau-7A.2), were detected by the three aforementioned mapping methods across environments. Subsequently, five cleaved amplified polymorphic sequence (CAPS) markers corresponding to these QTLs were developed and validated in 180 Chinese mini-core wheat accessions. In addition, 19 potential candidate genes for Qtgw.ahau-4B.2 in a 0.31-Mb physical interval were further annotated, of which TraesCS4B02G376400 and TraesCS4B02G376800 encode a plasma membrane H+-ATPase and a serine/threonine-protein kinase, respectively. These new QTLs and CAPS markers will be useful for further marker-assisted selection and map-based cloning of target genes.

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