Table_3_Genome-Wide Identification and Characterization of Potato Long Non-coding RNAs Associated With Phytophthora infestans Resistance.XLSX
Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) is a crucial regulatory mechanism in the plant response to biotic and abiotic stress. However, their roles in potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) resistance to Phytophthora infestans (P. infestans) largely remain unknown. In this study, we identify 2857 lncRNAs and 33,150 mRNAs of the potato from large-scale published RNA sequencing data. Characteristic analysis indicates a similar distribution pattern of lncRNAs and mRNAs on the potato chromosomes, and the mRNAs were longer and had more exons than lncRNAs. Identification of alternative splicing (AS) shows that there were a total of 2491 lncRNAs generated from AS and the highest frequency (46.49%) of alternative acceptors (AA). We performed R package TCseq to cluster 133 specific differentially expressed lncRNAs from resistance lines and found that the lncRNAs of cluster 2 were upregulated. The lncRNA targets were subject to KEGG pathway enrichment analysis, and the interactive network between lncRNAs and mRNAs was constructed by using GENIE3, a random forest machine learning algorithm. Transient overexpression of StLNC0004 in Nicotiana benthamiana significantly suppresses P. infestans growth compared with a control, and the expression of extensin (NbEXT), the ortholog of the StLNC0004 target gene, was significantly upregulated in the overexpression line. Together, these results suggest that lncRNAs play potential functional roles in the potato response to P. infestans infection.