Table_3_Correlations Between Structural Brain Abnormalities, Cognition and Electroclinical Characteristics in Patients With Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy.docx
To explore the structural brain abnormality and its relationship with neuropsychological disorders and electroclinical characteristics in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) patients.Methods
Sixty-seven patients diagnosed with JME and 56 healthy controls were enrolled. All subjects underwent MRI using T1-weighted 3D brain structural images with 1 mm thickness. Voxel-based morphometry (VBM) and surface-based morphometry (SBM) analyses were performed. They also underwent a series of neuropsychological tests to assess cognitive function. The correlation analyses were conducted between structural changes, neuropsychological outcomes, and electroclinical features.Results
The gray matter concentration (GMC) was decreased in the bilateral pre-central and post-central gyrus, right anterior cingulate gyrus, left posterior orbital region, bilateral occipital regions, bilateral hippocampus and bilateral caudate nucleus in the JME groups (corrected P < 0.05). The evaluation of gray matter volume (GMV) showed significant decrease respectively in bilateral pre-central and post-central gyrus, left paracentral lobule, left orbital gyrus, left amygdala, left basal ganglia and left thalamus of JME patients (P < 0.05). The cortex thicknesses of the right inferior temporal gyrus, right insular gyrus, and right cingulate gyrus had negative correlations with the disease duration significantly. At the same time, the whole-brain white matter volume was positively associated with the course of the disease (P < 0.05). Patients with persistent abnormal EEG discharges had significantly less whole-brain gray matter volume than JME patients with normal EEG (P = 0.03). Correlation analyses and linear regression analyses showed that, in addition to the gray matter volumes of frontal and parietal lobe, the temporal lobe, as well as the basal ganglia and thalamus, were also significantly correlated with neuropsychological tests' results (P < 0.05).Conclusion
The JME patients showed subtle structural abnormalities in multiple brain regions that were not only limited to the frontal lobe but also included the thalamus, basal ganglia, parietal lobe, temporal lobe and some occipital cortex, with significant involvement of the primary somatosensory cortex and primary motor cortex. And we significantly demonstrated a correlation between structural abnormalities and cognitive impairment. In addition, the course of disease and abnormal discharges had a specific negative correlation with the structural changes.