Table_3_Association Between Preinfarction Angina and Culprit Lesion Morphology in Patients With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study.DOCX
Previous studies reported the cardiac protection effect of preinfarction angina (PIA) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We sought to identify culprit-plaque morphology and clinical outcomes associated with PIA in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) using optical coherence tomography (OCT).Methods and Results
A total of 279 patients with STEMI between March 2017 and March 2019 who underwent intravascular OCT of the culprit lesion were prospectively included. Of them, 153 (54.8%) patients were presented with PIA. No differences were observed in clinical and angiographic data between the two groups, except STEMI onset with exertion was significantly less common in the PIA group (24.2 vs. 40.5%, p = 0.004). Patients with PIA exhibited a significantly lower incidence of plaque rupture (40.5 vs. 61.9%, p < 0.001) and lipid-rich plaques (48.4 vs. 69.0%, p = 0.001). The thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA) prevalence was lower in the PIA group, presenting a thicker fibrous cap thickness, although statistically significant differences were not observed (20.3 vs. 30.2%, p = 0.070; 129.1 ± 92.0 vs. 111.4 ± 78.1 μm, p = 0.088; respectively). The multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that PIA was an independent negative predictor of plaque rupture (odds ratio: 0.44, 95% CI: 0.268–0.725, p = 0.001). No significant differences in clinical outcomes were observed besides unplanned revascularization.Conclusion
Compared with the non-PIA group, STEMI patients with PIA showed a significantly lower prevalence of plaque rupture and lipid-rich plaques in culprit lesion, implying different mechanisms of STEMI attack in these two groups.