Table_2_Transcriptomic Signature Differences Between SARS-CoV-2 and Influenza Virus Infected Patients.pdf (269.2 kB)
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Table_2_Transcriptomic Signature Differences Between SARS-CoV-2 and Influenza Virus Infected Patients.pdf

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posted on 31.05.2021, 06:14 by Stéphanie Bibert, Nicolas Guex, Joao Lourenco, Thomas Brahier, Matthaios Papadimitriou-Olivgeris, Lauro Damonti, Oriol Manuel, Robin Liechti, Lou Götz, Jonathan Tschopp, Mathieu Quinodoz, Peter Vollenweider, Jean-Luc Pagani, Mauro Oddo, Olivier Hügli, Frédéric Lamoth, Véronique Erard, Cathy Voide, Mauro Delorenzi, Nathalie Rufer, Fabio Candotti, Carlo Rivolta, Noémie Boillat-Blanco, Pierre-Yves Bochud, the RegCOVID Study Group

The reason why most individuals with COVID-19 have relatively limited symptoms while other develop respiratory distress with life-threatening complications remains unknown. Increasing evidence suggests that COVID-19 associated adverse outcomes mainly rely on dysregulated immunity. Here, we compared transcriptomic profiles of blood cells from 103 patients with different severity levels of COVID-19 with that of 27 healthy and 22 influenza-infected individuals. Data provided a complete overview of SARS-CoV-2-induced immune signature, including a dramatic defect in IFN responses, a reduction of toxicity-related molecules in NK cells, an increased degranulation of neutrophils, a dysregulation of T cells, a dramatic increase in B cell function and immunoglobulin production, as well as an important over-expression of genes involved in metabolism and cell cycle in patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 compared to those infected with influenza viruses. These features also differed according to COVID-19 severity. Overall and specific gene expression patterns across groups can be visualized on an interactive website (https://bix.unil.ch/covid/). Collectively, these transcriptomic host responses to SARS-CoV-2 infection are discussed in the context of current studies, thereby improving our understanding of COVID-19 pathogenesis and shaping the severity level of COVID-19.

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