Table_2_Transcriptional and Physiological Analyses to Assess the Effects of a Novel Biostimulant in Tomato.xlsx (310.12 kB)
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Table_2_Transcriptional and Physiological Analyses to Assess the Effects of a Novel Biostimulant in Tomato.xlsx

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posted on 11.01.2022, 04:59 by Maria Cristina Della Lucia, Ali Baghdadi, Francesca Mangione, Matteo Borella, Walter Zegada-Lizarazu, Samathmika Ravi, Saptarathi Deb, Chiara Broccanello, Giuseppe Concheri, Andrea Monti, Piergiorgio Stevanato, Serenella Nardi

This work aimed to study the effects in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) of foliar applications of a novel calcium-based biostimulant (SOB01) using an omics approach involving transcriptomics and physiological profiling. A calcium-chloride fertilizer (SOB02) was used as a product reference standard. Plants were grown under well-watered (WW) and water stress (WS) conditions in a growth chamber. We firstly compared the transcriptome profile of treated and untreated tomato plants using the software RStudio. Totally, 968 and 1,657 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) (adj-p-value < 0.1 and |log2(fold change)| ≥ 1) were identified after SOB01 and SOB02 leaf treatments, respectively. Expression patterns of 9 DEGs involved in nutrient metabolism and osmotic stress tolerance were validated by real-time quantitative reverse transcription PCR (RT-qPCR) analysis. Principal component analysis (PCA) on RT-qPCR results highlighted that the gene expression profiles after SOB01 treatment in different water regimes were clustering together, suggesting that the expression pattern of the analyzed genes in well water and water stress plants was similar in the presence of SOB01 treatment. Physiological analyses demonstrated that the biostimulant application increased the photosynthetic rate and the chlorophyll content under water deficiency compared to the standard fertilizer and led to a higher yield in terms of fruit dry matter and a reduction in the number of cracked fruits. In conclusion, transcriptome and physiological profiling provided comprehensive information on the biostimulant effects highlighting that SOB01 applications improved the ability of the tomato plants to mitigate the negative effects of water stress.

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