Table_2_The Impact of Subclinical Hypothyroidism on Adverse Perinatal Outcomes and the Role of Thyroid Screening in Pregnancy.DOCX
Subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) is a mild form of hypothyroidism that is common among women of childbearing age. The impact of SCH on adverse perinatal outcomes is unclear and universal screening for thyroid function before or during pregnancy is also much debated. In the present retrospective cohort study on 7,587 women from Shanghai, we assessed whether SCH was associated with adverse perinatal outcomes. The relationship between the risks of adverse outcomes and the time of screening and LT4 treatment status for SCH were also evaluated. SCH was associated with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) [odds ratio (OR): 4.04; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.85–8.84; P = 0.000]. After classification into four different groups based on the time of screening for thyroid function, the increased likelihood of HDP persisted in those diagnosed with SCH in the first and second trimesters (OR: 9.69; 95% CI: 1.73–54.48; P = 0.01 and OR: 3.66; 95% CI: 1.07–12.57, P = 0.03, respectively). The diagnosis of SCH in the preconception period and the third trimester was not significantly associated with HDP and other adverse perinatal outcomes. Five out of 120 (5/120) treated women (4.17%) vs. 4/45 untreated women (8.89%) developed HDP, 4/5 were treated after conception. The results indicate that during pregnancy, SCH conferred an increased risk of HDP, particularly in women diagnosed with the disorder in the first and second trimesters.