Table_2_Resveratrol analog, triacetylresveratrol, a potential immunomodulator of lung adenocarcinoma immunotherapy combination therapies.xlsx
Resveratrol, an activator for longevity regulatory genes-sirtuin family (SIRTs) and Sirtuin 2 (SIRT2) is an important factor of SIRTs which demonstrated biological function in cancers, but the underlying mechanism is unrevealed.Methods
We investigated the mRNA and protein levels of SIRT2 in a variety of cancers and the potential role for clinical prognosis, as well as analysed the association between the gene and immune infiltration in various cancers. And an analysis of two types of lung cancer was conducted to construct a systematic prognostic landscape. Finally, putative binding site of the triacetylresveratrol bound to SIRT2 was built from homology modeling.Results and discussion
We concluded that higher mRNA and protein levels of SIRT2 affected prognosis in various types of cancers, especially in LUAD cohorts. In addition, SIRT2 is linked with a better overall survival (OS) in LUAD patients. Further research suggested a possible explanation for this phenotype might be that SIRT2 mRNA levels are positively correlated with infiltrating status of multiple immunocytes in LU-AD but not LUSC, i.e. SIRT2 expression may contribute to the recruitment of CD8+T cell, CD4+ T cell, T cell CD4+ memory resting, Tregs, T cell NK and positively correlated to the expression of PD-1, also excluding neutrophil, T cell CD8+ naïve and B cell plasma cells in LUAD. We found that triacetyl-resveratrol demonstrated the most potent agonist efficiency to SIRT2 and the EC 50 as low as 142.79 nM. As a result, SIRT2 appears to be a promising novel biomarker for prognosis prediction in patients with LUAD and triacetylresveratrol might be a potential immunomodulator of LUAD to anti-PD-1 based immunotherapy combination therapies.