Table_2_RNA-Binding Proteins CLK1 and POP7 as Biomarkers for Diagnosis and Prognosis of Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma.XLS (21.5 kB)
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Table_2_RNA-Binding Proteins CLK1 and POP7 as Biomarkers for Diagnosis and Prognosis of Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma.XLS

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posted on 09.09.2021, 05:53 by Xiuping Yang, Baoai Han, Zuhong He, Ya Zhang, Kun Lin, Hongguo Su, Davood K. Hosseini, Haiying Sun, Minlan Yang, Xiong Chen

The abnormality of RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) is closely related to the tumorigenesis and development of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), and has been an area of interest for research recently. In this study, 162 tumors and 11 normal samples are obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas database, among which 218 differentially expressed RBPs are screened. Finally, a prognostic model including seven RBPs (CLK1, DDX39A, EEF2, ELAC1, NKRF, POP7, and SMN1) is established. Further analysis reveals that the overall survival (OS) rate of the high-risk group is lower than that of the low-risk group. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) of the training group and testing group is significant (AUCs of 3 years are 0.815 and 0.694, respectively, AUCs of 5 years are 0.737 and 0.725, respectively). In addition, a comprehensive analysis of seven identified RBPs shows that most RBPs are related to OS in patients with ESCC, among which EEF2 and ELCA1 are differentially expressed at the protein level of ESCC and control tissues. CLK1 and POP7 expressions in esophageal cancer tumor samples are undertaken using the tissue microarray, and show that CLK1 mRNA levels are relatively lower, and POP7 mRNA levels are higher compared with non-cancerous esophageal tissues. Survival analysis reveals that a higher expression of CLK1 predicts a significant worse prognosis, and a lower expression of POP7 predicts a worse prognosis in esophageal cancer. These results suggest that CLK1 may promote tumor progression, and POP7 may hinder the development of esophageal cancer. In addition, gene set enrichment analysis reveals that abnormal biological processes related to ribosomes and abnormalities in classic tumor signaling pathways such as TGF-β are important driving forces for the occurrence and development of ESCC. Our results provide new insights into the pathogenesis of ESCC, and seven RBPs have potential application value in the clinical prognosis prediction of ESCC.

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