Table_2_Network Pharmacology and Experimental Validation Reveal the Effects of Chidamide Combined With Aspirin on Acute Myeloid Leukemia-Myelodysplastic Syndrome Cells Through PI3K/AKT Pathway.XLSX
Chidamide (CDM), a novel histone deacetylase inhibitor, is currently used for patients with peripheral T-cell lymphoma. Aspirin (ASA), an anti-inflammatory drug, has been shown to exert anticancer activity. Herein, we investigated the effect of CDM combined with ASA on myelodysplastic syndromes-derived acute myeloid leukemia (AML-MDS) cells and explored the underlying mechanism. The putative targets of CDM and ASA were predicted by network pharmacology approach. GO functional and KEGG pathway enrichment analyses were performed by DAVID. Furthermore, experimental validation was conducted by Cell Counting Kit-8 assay, Flow cytometry and Western blotting. Network pharmacology analysis revealed 36 AML-MDS-related overlapping genes that were targets of CDM and ASA, while 10 hub genes were identified by the plug-in cytoHubba in Cytoscape. Pathway enrichment analysis indicated CDM and ASA significantly affected PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. Functional experiments demonstrated that the combination of CDM and ASA had a remarkable synergistic anti-proliferative effect by blocking the cell cycle in G0/G1 phase and inducing apoptosis. Mechanistically, the combination treatment significantly down-regulated the phosphorylation levels of PI3K and AKT. In addition, insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), an activator of PI3K/AKT pathway, reversed the effects of the combination treatment. Our findings suggested that CDM combined with ASA exerted a synergetic inhibitory effect on cell growth by inactivating PI3K/AKT pathway, which might pave the way for effective treatments of AML-MDS.