Table_2_NAIR: Network Analysis of Immune Repertoire.xlsx (11.4 kB)
Download file

Table_2_NAIR: Network Analysis of Immune Repertoire.xlsx

Download (11.4 kB)
posted on 2023-07-07, 12:08 authored by Hai Yang, Jason Cham, Brian Patrick Neal, Zenghua Fan, Tao He, Li Zhang

T cells represent a crucial component of the adaptive immune system and mediate anti-tumoral immunity as well as protection against infections, including respiratory viruses such as SARS-CoV-2. Next-generation sequencing of the T-cell receptors (TCRs) can be used to profile the T-cell repertoire. We developed a customized pipeline for Network Analysis of Immune Repertoire (NAIR) with advanced statistical methods to characterize and investigate changes in the landscape of TCR sequences. We first performed network analysis on the TCR sequence data based on sequence similarity. We then quantified the repertoire network by network properties and correlated it with clinical outcomes of interest. In addition, we identified (1) disease-specific/associated clusters and (2) shared clusters across samples based on our customized search algorithms and assessed their relationship with clinical outcomes such as recovery from COVID-19 infection. Furthermore, to identify disease-specific TCRs, we introduced a new metric that incorporates the clonal generation probability and the clonal abundance by using the Bayes factor to filter out the false positives. TCR-seq data from COVID-19 subjects and healthy donors were used to illustrate that the proposed approach to analyzing the network architecture of the immune repertoire can reveal potential disease-specific TCRs responsible for the immune response to infection.