Table_2_Molecular Diagnosis of Neurofibromatosis by Multigene Panel Testing.DOCX (15.26 kB)
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Table_2_Molecular Diagnosis of Neurofibromatosis by Multigene Panel Testing.DOCX

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posted on 09.03.2021, 04:17 authored by Zeng-Yun-Ou Zhang, Yuan-Yuan Wu, Xin-ying Cai, Wen-Liang Fang, Feng-Li Xiao

Neurofibromatosis (NF) is an autosomal genetic disorder for which early and definite clinical diagnoses are difficult. To identify the diagnosis, five affected probands with suspected NF from unrelated families were included in this study. Molecular analysis was performed using multigene panel testing and Sanger sequencing. Ultradeep sequencing was used to analyze the mutation rate in the tissues from the proband with mosaic mutations. Three different pathogenic variants of the NF1 gene were found in three probands who mainly complained of café-au-lait macules (CALMs), including one frameshift variant c.5072_5073insTATAACTGTAACTCCTGGGTCAGGGAGTACACCAA:p.Tyr1692Ilefs in exon 37, one missense variant c.3826C > T:p.Arg1276Ter in exon 28, and one splicing variant c.4110 + 1G > T at the first base downstream of the 3′-end of exon 30. One NF1 gene mosaic variant was found in a proband who complained of cutaneous neurofibroma with the frameshift variant c.495_498del:p.Thr165fs in exon 5, and ultradeep sequencing showed the highest mutation rate of 10.81% in cutaneous neurofibromas. A frameshift variant, c.36_39del:p.Ser12fs in exon 1 of the NF2 gene, was found in a proband who presented with skin plaques and intracranial neurogenic tumors. All of these pathogenic variants were heterozygous, one was not reported, and one not in Chinese before. This study expands the pathogenic variant spectrum of NF and demonstrates the clinical diagnosis.