Table_2_Metabolomics of Early Stage Plant Cell–Microbe Interaction Using Stable Isotope Labeling.pdf (1.51 MB)

Table_2_Metabolomics of Early Stage Plant Cell–Microbe Interaction Using Stable Isotope Labeling.pdf

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posted on 05.06.2018, 04:34 by Qiuying Pang, Tong Zhang, Yang Wang, Wenwen Kong, Qijie Guan, Xiufeng Yan, Sixue Chen

Metabolomics has been used in unraveling metabolites that play essential roles in plant–microbe (including pathogen) interactions. However, the problem of profiling a plant metabolome with potential contaminating metabolites from the coexisting microbes has been largely ignored. To address this problem, we implemented an effective stable isotope labeling approach, where the metabolome of a plant bacterial pathogen Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato (Pst) DC3000 was labeled with heavy isotopes. The labeled bacterial cells were incubated with Arabidopsis thaliana epidermal peels (EPs) with guard cells, and excessive bacterial cells were subsequently removed from the plant tissues by washing. The plant metabolites were characterized by liquid chromatography mass spectrometry using multiple reactions monitoring, which can differentiate plant and bacterial metabolites. Targeted metabolomic analysis suggested that Pst DC3000 infection may modulate stomatal movement by reprograming plant signaling and primary metabolic pathways. This proof-of-concept study demonstrates the utility of this strategy in differentiation of the plant and microbe metabolomes, and it has broad applications in studying metabolic interactions between microbes and other organisms.

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