Table_2_Intertumoural Heterogeneity and Branch Evolution of Synchronous Multiple Primary Lung Adenocarcinomas by Next-Generation Sequencing Analysis.xlsx
Multiple primary lung cancers (MPLCs) are an increasingly well-known clinical phenomenon, but there is a lack of high-level evidence for their optimal clinical diagnosis and therapeutic approaches. Thus, we analysed genetic variation to determine the intertumoural heterogeneity and branch evolution of synchronous multiple primary lung adenocarcinomas.Methods
We performed multiplex mutational sequencing on 93 synchronous multiple primary lung adenocarcinoma lesions from 42 patients who underwent surgical resection.Results
The high discordance rate of mutation was 92.9% (n=39) between tumours in individual patients. EGFR, TP53 and KRAS mutations were detected in 57 (61.3%), 19 (20.4%) and 11 (11.8%) of the 93 tumours, respectively. 16 cases of multiple primary lung adenocarcinomas simultaneously harboured EGFR mutations and TP53 mutations. Matching mutations between paired tumours were observed in 1 (2.4%) patient for P20. The genotypes were all EGFR L858R mutations, but the pathological type of P20T1 was lepidic predominant, and P20T2 was adenocarcinoma in situ. In the phylogenetic tree, genetic variations were divided into trunk, shared and branch subtypes. Branch mutations accounted for 91.09% of variations in sMPLA, while the ratio of trunk (4.95%) and shared (3.96%) variations was significantly lower.Conclusions
Remarkable intertumoural heterogeneity and frequent branch mutations were found in synchronous multiple primary lung adenocarcinomas.