Table_2_Integration of RNA-seq and ATAC-seq identifies muscle-regulated hub genes in cattle.XLS (20 kB)
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Table_2_Integration of RNA-seq and ATAC-seq identifies muscle-regulated hub genes in cattle.XLS

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posted on 2022-08-11, 06:02 authored by Jianfang Wang, Bingzhi Li, Xinran Yang, Chengcheng Liang, Sayed Haidar Abbas Raza, Yueting Pan, Ke Zhang, Linsen Zan

As the main product of livestock, muscle itself plays an irreplaceable role in maintaining animal body movement and regulating metabolism. Therefore, it is of great significance to explore its growth, development and regeneration to improve the meat yield and quality of livestock. In this study, we attempted to use RNA-seq and ATAC-seq techniques to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) specifically expressed in bovine skeletal muscle as potential candidates for studying the regulatory mechanisms of muscle development. Microarray data from 8 tissue samples were selected from the GEO database for analysis. First, we obtained gene modules related to each tissue through WGCNA analysis. Through Gene Ontology (GO) functional annotation, the module of lightyellow (MElightyellow) was closely related to muscle development, and 213 hub genes were screened as follow-up research targets. Further, the difference analysis showed that, except for PREB, all other candidate hub genes were up-regulated (muscle group vs. other-group). ATAC-seq analysis showed that muscle-specific accessible chromatin regions were mainly located in promoter of genes related to muscle structure development (GO:0061061), muscle cell development (GO:0055001) and muscle system process (GO:0003012), which were involved in cAMP, CGMP-PKG, MAPK, and other signaling pathways. Next, we integrated the results of RNA-seq and ATAC-seq analysis, and 54 of the 212 candidate hub genes were identified as key regulatory genes in skeletal muscle development. Finally, through motif analysis, 22 of the 54 key genes were found to be potential target genes of transcription factor MEF2C. Including CAPN3, ACTN2, MB, MYOM3, SRL, CKM, ALPK3, MAP3K20, UBE2G1, NEURL2, CAND2, DOT1L, HRC, MAMSTR, FSD2, LRRC2, LSMEM1, SLC29A2, FHL3, KLHL41, ATXN7L2, and PDRG1. This provides a potential reference for studying the molecular mechanism of skeletal muscle development in mammals.