Table_2_Identification of a Novel Ferroptosis-Related Gene Prognostic Signature in Bladder Cancer.xlsx (71.18 kB)
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Table_2_Identification of a Novel Ferroptosis-Related Gene Prognostic Signature in Bladder Cancer.xlsx

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posted on 07.09.2021, 04:49 by Jiale Sun, Wenchang Yue, Jiawei You, Xuedong Wei, Yuhua Huang, Zhixin Ling, Jianquan Hou
Background

Ferroptosis is a newly found non-apoptotic forms of cell death that plays an important role in tumors. However, the prognostic value of ferroptosis-related genes (FRG) in bladder cancer (BLCA) have not been well examined.

Methods

FRG data and clinical information were collected from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Then, significantly different FRGs were investigated by functional enrichment analyses. The prognostic FRG signature was identified by univariate cox regression and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) analysis, which was validated in TCGA cohort and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) cohort. Subsequently, the nomogram integrating risk scores and clinical parameters were established and evaluated. Additionally, Gene Set Enrichment Analyses (GSEA) was performed to explore the potential molecular mechanisms underlying our prognostic FRG signature. Finally, the expression of three key FRGs was verified in clinical specimens.

Results

Thirty-two significantly different FRGs were identified from TCGA–BLCA cohort. Enrichment analyses showed that these genes were mainly related to the ferroptosis. Seven genes (TFRC, G6PD, SLC38A1, ZEB1, SCD, SRC, and PRDX6) were then identified to develop a prognostic signature. The Kaplan–Meier analysis confirmed the predictive value of the signature for overall survival (OS) in both TCGA and GEO cohort. A nomogram integrating age and risk scores was established and demonstrated high predictive accuracy, which was validated through calibration curves and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve [area under the curve (AUC) = 0.690]. GSEA showed that molecular alteration in the high- or low-risk group was closely associated with ferroptosis. Finally, experimental results confirmed the expression of SCD, SRC, and PRDX6 in BLCA.

Conclusion

Herein, we identified a novel FRG prognostic signature that maybe involved in BLCA. It showed high values in predicting OS, and targeting these FRGs may be an alternative for BLCA treatment. Further experimental studies are warranted to uncover the mechanisms that these FRGs mediate BLCA progression.

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