Table_2_Identification of Flap Endonuclease 1 With Diagnostic and Prognostic Value in Breast Cancer.docx
This study aims to identify the potential value of flap endonuclease 1 (FEN1) as a diagnostic and prognostic marker for breast cancer (BC).Methods
ELISA was used to measure serum FEN1 levels and ECLIA for CA153 and CEA levels. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to evaluate the diagnostic value. Oncomine and UALCAN databases were used to analyze the differences in FEN1 mRNA and protein expressions. Kaplan-Meier Plotter database was then used to assess the prognostic value.Results
Bioinformatics analysis showed that the FEN1 mRNA and protein levels were significantly higher in BC tissues than in normal tissues. FEN1 was detected in culture medium of BC cell lines and serum FEN1 concentrations were significantly increased in BC patients than in cancer-free individuals. Besides, FEN1 exhibited higher diagnostic accuracy (AUC values>0.800) than CA153 and CEA for distinguishing BC patients, especially early BC, from the healthy and benign groups, or individually. Additionally, serum FEN1 levels were significantly associated with the stage (P=0.001) and lymph invasion (P=0.016), and serum FEN1 levels were increased with the development of BC. Furthermore, serum FEN1 levels were significantly decreased in post-operative patients than in pre-operative patients (P=0.016). Based on the Kaplan-Meier Plotter database, the survival analysis indicated that FEN1 overexpression was associated with poor prognoses for overall survival (OS), relapse-free survival (RFS), and distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) in BC patients.Conclusion
FEN1 might be a novel diagnostic and prognostic marker for BC.