Table_2_Heavy Metal Stress-Associated Proteins in Rice and Arabidopsis: Genome-Wide Identification, Phylogenetics, Duplication, and Expression Profile.XLSX (15.99 kB)

Table_2_Heavy Metal Stress-Associated Proteins in Rice and Arabidopsis: Genome-Wide Identification, Phylogenetics, Duplication, and Expression Profiles Analysis.XLSX

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posted on 08.05.2020 by Jiaming Li, Minghui Zhang, Jian Sun, Xinrui Mao, Jingguo Wang, Hualong Liu, Hongliang Zheng, Xianwei Li, Hongwei Zhao, Detang Zou

Heavy metal exposure is a serious environmental stress in plants. However, plants have evolved several strategies to improve their heavy metal tolerance. Heavy metal-associated proteins (HMPs) participate in heavy metal detoxification. Here, we identified 46 and 55 HMPs in rice and Arabidopsis, respectively, and named them OsHMP 1–46 and AtHMP 1–55 according to their chromosomal locations. The HMPs from both plants were divided into six clades based on the characteristics of their heavy metal-associated domains (HMA). The HMP gene structures and motifs varied greatly among the different classifications. The HMPs had high collinearity and were segmentally duplicated. A cis-element analysis revealed that the HMPs may be regulated by different transcription factors. An expression profile analysis disclosed that only eight OsHMPs were constitutive in rice tissues. Of these, the expression of OsHMP37 was far higher than that of the other seven genes while OsHMP28 was expressed exclusively in the roots. For Arabidopsis, nine AtHMPs presented with very high transcript levels in all organs. Most of the selected OsHMPs were differentially expressed in various tissues under different heavy metal stresses. Only OsHMP09, OsHMP18, and OsHMP22 showed higher expression levels in all tissues under different heavy metal stresses. In contrast, most of the selected AtHMPs had nearly constant expression levels in different tissues under various heavy metal stresses. The AtHMP20, AtHMP23, AtHMP25, AtHMP31, AtHMP35, AtHMP46 expression levels under different heavy metal stresses were higher in the leaves and roots. The foregoing discoveries elucidated HMP evolution in monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous plants and may helpful functionally characterize HMPs in the future.

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