Table_2_Genome-Wide Association Study Uncover the Genetic Architecture of Salt Tolerance-Related Traits in Common Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.).XLSX (10.84 kB)
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Table_2_Genome-Wide Association Study Uncover the Genetic Architecture of Salt Tolerance-Related Traits in Common Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.).XLSX

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posted on 20.05.2021, 04:57 authored by Xiaoyan Quan, Jindong Liu, Ning Zhang, Chunjuan Xie, Hongmei Li, Xianchun Xia, Wenxing He, Yuxiang Qin

Soil salinity is a serious threat to wheat yield affecting sustainable agriculture. Although salt tolerance is important for plant establishment at seedling stage, its genetic architecture remains unclear. In the present study, we have evaluated eight salt tolerance–related traits at seedling stage and identified the loci for salt tolerance by genome-wide association study (GWAS). This GWAS panel comprised 317 accessions and was genotyped with the wheat 90 K single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) chip. In total, 37 SNPs located at 16 unique loci were identified, and each explained 6.3 to 18.6% of the phenotypic variations. Among these, six loci were overlapped with previously reported genes or quantitative trait loci, whereas the other 10 were novel. Besides, nine loci were detected for two or more traits, indicating that the salt-tolerance genetic architecture is complex. Furthermore, five candidate genes were identified for salt tolerance–related traits, including kinase family protein, E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase-like protein, and transmembrane protein. SNPs identified in this study and the accessions with more favorable alleles could further enhance salt tolerance in wheat breeding. Our results are useful for uncovering the genetic mechanism of salt tolerance in wheat at seeding stage.

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