Table_2_Expression Profile Analysis of the Cell Cycle in Diploid and Tetraploid Carassius auratus red var..pdf (44.83 kB)

Table_2_Expression Profile Analysis of the Cell Cycle in Diploid and Tetraploid Carassius auratus red var..pdf

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posted on 17.03.2020 by Li Ren, Jiahao Lu, Yunpeng Fan, Yibo Hu, Jiaming Li, Yamei Xiao, Shaojun Liu

Polyploidization often leads to “transcriptome shock,” and is considered an important factor in evolution of species. Analysis of the cell cycle, which is associated with survival in polyploidy, has proved useful in investigating polyploidization. Here, we used mRNA sequencing to investigate global expression in vitro (in cultured cells) and in vivo (in fin and liver tissues) in both the diploid and tetraploid Carassius auratus red var.. Differential expression (DE) of genes in diploid (7482, 36.0%) and tetraploid (3787, 18.2%) states suggested that in vitro and in vivo conditions dramatically change mRNA expression levels. However, of the 20,771 total shared expressed genes, 18,050 (87.0%), including 17,905 (86.2%) non-differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and 145 (0.7%) DEGs between diploids and tetraploids, showed the same expression trends in both cultured cells and liver tissues. Of the DEGs, four of seven genes in the cell cycle pathway had the same expression trends (upregulated in diploids and tetraploids) in both cultured cells and liver tissues. Quantitative PCR analysis confirmed the same expression trends in the nine DEGs associated with regulation of the cell cycle. This research on common characteristics between diploids and tetraploids provides insights into the potential molecular regulatory mechanisms of polyploidization. The steady changes that occur between diploids and tetraploids in vitro and in vivo show the potential value of studying polyploidy processes using cultured cell lines, especially with respect to cell cycle regulation.

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