Table_2_Effects of Sulfamethoxazole on the Microbial Community Dynamics During the Anaerobic Digestion Process.DOCX (663.36 kB)
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Table_2_Effects of Sulfamethoxazole on the Microbial Community Dynamics During the Anaerobic Digestion Process.DOCX

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posted on 16.09.2020, 04:49 by Valentina Mazzurco Miritana, Giulia Massini, Andrea Visca, Paola Grenni, Luisa Patrolecco, Francesca Spataro, Jasmin Rauseo, Gian Luigi Garbini, Antonella Signorini, Silvia Rosa, Anna Barra Caracciolo

Anaerobic digestion (AD) treatment of cattle manure and slurry makes it possible to produce biogas, a renewable and storable biofuel, as well as digestate, a residual organic matter that can be used to replace chemical fertilizers. On the other hand, the intense use of antibiotics (e.g., sulfamethoxazole) in animal husbandry practices is showing increasing negative impacts resulting from the release of still metabolically active molecules into agroecosystems. In the present study, cattle manure collected from an AD plant-feeding tank was used as feedstock for AD experiments in which some batches were spiked with 5 mg L–1 of sulfamethoxazole (SMX). Adding the antibiotic affected the microbial community dynamic; in particular, the efficiency of the acidogenic and acetogenic phases of the process corresponded to higher CH4 and H2 production than in the control. SMX was also degraded, and at the end of the experiment (69 days), just 20% of its initial concentration was found. The relative abundance (ARG/16S) of resistance genes sul1, sul2, and the proxy intI1 initially found in the ingestate decreased during the AD in both the spiked and control batches, suggesting that this process lowers the likelihood of antibiotic resistance genes spreading.

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