Table_2_Effects of Active Upper Limb Orthoses Using Brain–Machine Interfaces for Rehabilitation of Patients With Neurological Disorders: Protocol for a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.docx
Introduction: The field of brain–machine interfaces (BMI) for upper limb (UL) orthoses is growing exponentially due to improvements in motor performance, quality of life, and functionality of people with neurological diseases. Considering this, we planned a systematic review to investigate the effects of BMI-controlled UL orthoses for rehabilitation of patients with neurological disorders.
Methods: This systematic review and meta-analysis protocol was elaborated according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Protocols (PRISMA-P 2015) and Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. A search will be conducted on Pubmed, IEEE Xplore Digital Library, Medline, and Web of Science databases without language and year restrictions, and Patents Scope, Patentlens, and Google Patents websites in English, Spanish, French, German, and Portuguese between 2011 and 2021. Two independent reviewers will include randomized controlled trials and quasi-experimental studies using BMI-controlled active UL orthoses to improve human movement. Studies must contain participants aged >18 years, diagnosed with neurological disorders, and with impaired UL movement. Three independent reviewers will conduct the same procedure for patents. Evidence quality and risk of bias will be evaluated following the Cochrane collaboration by two review authors. Meta-analysis will be conducted in case of homogeneity between groups. Otherwise, a narrative synthesis will be performed. Data will be inserted into a table containing physical description, UL orthoses control system, and effect of BMI-controlled orthoses.
Discussion: BMI-controlled orthoses can assist individuals in several routine activities and provide functional independence and sense of overcoming limitations imposed by the underlying disease. These benefits will also be associated with orthoses descriptions, safety, portability, adverse events, and tools used to assess UL motor performance in patients with neurological disorders.
PROSPERO Registration Number: CRD42020182195.
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