Table_2_Cross-Talk of Focal Adhesion-Related Gene Defines Prognosis and the Immune Microenvironment in Gastric Cancer.XLS (130.93 kB)

Table_2_Cross-Talk of Focal Adhesion-Related Gene Defines Prognosis and the Immune Microenvironment in Gastric Cancer.XLS

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posted on 01.10.2021, 04:48 by Deli Mao, Rui Xu, Hengxing Chen, Xiancong Chen, Dongsheng Li, Shenglei Song, Yulong He, Zhewei Wei, Changhua Zhang

Background: Focal adhesion, as the intermediary between tumor cells and extracellular matrix communication, plays a variety of roles in tumor invasion, migration, and drug resistance. However, the potential role of focal adhesion-related genes in the microenvironment, immune cell infiltration, and drug sensitivity of gastric cancer (GC) has not yet been revealed.

Methods: The genetic and transcriptional perspectives of focal adhesion-related genes were systematically analyzed. From a genetic perspective, the focal adhesion index (FAI) was constructed based on 18 prognosis-related focus adhesion-related genes to evaluate the immune microenvironment and drug sensitivity. Then three prognosis-related genes were used for consistent clustering to identify GC subtypes. Finally, use FLT1, EGF, COL5A2, and M2 macrophages to develop risk signatures, and establish a nomogram together with clinicopathological characteristics.

Results: Mutations in the focal adhesion-related gene affect the survival time and clinical characteristics of GC patients. FAI has been associated with a shorter survival time, immune signaling pathways, M2 macrophage infiltration, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) signaling, and diffuse type of GC. FAI recognizes ALK, cell cycle, and BMX signaling pathways inhibitors as sensitive agents for the treatment of GC. FLT1, EGF, and COL5A2 may distinguish GC subtypes. The established risk signature is of great significance to the prognostic evaluation of GC based on FLT1, EGF, and COL5A2 and M2 macrophage expression.

Conclusion: The focal adhesion-related gene is a potential biomarker for the evaluation of the immune microenvironment and prognosis. This work emphasizes the potential impact of the focal adhesion pathway in GC therapy and highlights its guiding role in prognostic evaluation.

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