Table_2_Comprehensive Analysis of the Immune and Prognostic Implication of COL6A6 in Lung Adenocarcinoma.docx (22.85 kB)

Table_2_Comprehensive Analysis of the Immune and Prognostic Implication of COL6A6 in Lung Adenocarcinoma.docx

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posted on 2021-03-03, 13:41 authored by Yi Ma, Mantang Qiu, Haifa Guo, Haiming Chen, Jiawei Li, Xiao Li, Fan Yang

Collagen type VI alpha 6 chain (COL6A6), a novel collagen, has been considered as a tumor suppressor and therapeutic target in several tumors. However, the functional role of COL6A6 in immune cell infiltration and prognostic value in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) remains unknown. Here, we evaluated COL6A6 expression and its impact on survival among LUAD patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and several other databases. COL6A6 was downregulated in LUAD tissues compared to normal tissues at both mRNA and protein levels. COL6A6 expression was negatively associated with pathological stage, tumor stage, and lymph node metastasis. High COL6A6 expression was a favorable prognostic factor in LUAD. Next, we explored the associations between COL6A6 expression and immune cell infiltration. COL6A6 expression was positively associated with the infiltration of B cells, T cells, neutrophils and dendritic cells. Additionally, the immune cell infiltration levels were associated with COL6A6 gene copy number in LUAD. Consistently, gene set enrichment analysis showed that various immune pathways were enriched in the LUAD samples with high COL6A6 expression, including pathways related to T cell activation and T cell receptor signaling. The impacts of COL6A6 on immune activity were further assessed by enrichment analysis of 50 COL6A6-associated immunomodulators. Thereafter, using Cox regression, we identified a seven-gene risk prediction signature based on the COL6A6-associated immunomodulators. The resulting risk score was an independent prognostic predictor in LUAD. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis confirmed that the seven-gene signature had good prognostic accuracy in the TCGA-LUAD cohort and a Gene Expression Omnibus dataset. Finally, we constructed a clinical nomogram to predict long-term survival probabilities, and calibration curves verified its accuracy. Our findings highlight that COL6A6 is involved in tumor immunity, suggesting COL6A6 may be a potential immunotherapeutic target in LUAD. The proposed seven-gene signature is a promising prognostic biomarker in LUAD.