Table_2_Comparison of Radiomic Features in a Diverse Cohort of Patients With Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinomas.xlsx (11.74 kB)
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Table_2_Comparison of Radiomic Features in a Diverse Cohort of Patients With Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinomas.xlsx

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posted on 22.07.2021, 05:57 authored by Jennifer B. Permuth, Shraddha Vyas, Jiannong Li, Dung-Tsa Chen, Daniel Jeong, Jung W. Choi
Background

Significant racial disparities in pancreatic cancer incidence and mortality rates exist, with the highest rates in African Americans compared to Non-Hispanic Whites and Hispanic/Latinx populations. Computer-derived quantitative imaging or “radiomic” features may serve as non-invasive surrogates for underlying biological factors and heterogeneity that characterize pancreatic tumors from African Americans, yet studies are lacking in this area. The objective of this pilot study was to determine if the radiomic tumor profile extracted from pretreatment computed tomography (CT) images differs between African Americans, Non-Hispanic Whites, and Hispanic/Latinx with pancreatic cancer.

Methods

We evaluated a retrospective cohort of 71 pancreatic cancer cases (23 African American, 33 Non-Hispanic White, and 15 Hispanic/Latinx) who underwent pretreatment CT imaging at Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute. Whole lesion semi-automated segmentation was performed on each slice of the lesion on all pretreatment venous phase CT exams using Healthmyne Software (Healthmyne, Madison, WI, USA) to generate a volume of interest. To reduce feature dimensionality, 135 highly relevant non-texture and texture features were extracted from each segmented lesion and analyzed for each volume of interest.

Results

Thirty features were identified and significantly associated with race/ethnicity based on Kruskal-Wallis test. Ten of the radiomic features were highly associated with race/ethnicity independent of tumor grade, including sphericity, volumetric mean Hounsfield units (HU), minimum HU, coefficient of variation HU, four gray level texture features, and two wavelet texture features. A radiomic signature summarized by the first principal component partially differentiated African American from non-African American tumors (area underneath the curve = 0.80). Poorer survival among African Americans compared to Non-African Americans was observed for tumors with lower volumetric mean CT [HR: 3.90 (95% CI:1.19–12.78), p=0.024], lower GLCM Avg Column Mean [HR:4.75 (95% CI: 1.44,15.37), p=0.010], and higher GLCM Cluster Tendency [HR:3.36 (95% CI: 1.06–10.68), p=0.040], and associations persisted in volumetric mean CT and GLCM Avg Column after adjustment for key clinicopathologic factors.

Conclusions

This pilot study identified several textural radiomics features associated with poor overall survival among African Americans with PDAC, independent of other prognostic factors such as grade. Our findings suggest that CT radiomic features may serve as surrogates for underlying biological factors and add value in predicting clinical outcomes when integrated with other parameters in ongoing and future studies of cancer health disparities.

History

References