Table_2_Co-modulation of Liver Genes and Intestinal Microbiome of Largemouth Bass Larvae (Micropterus salmoides) During Weaning.DOCX
In recent years, largemouth bass have become one of the most commonly aquacultured species in China, however, its low survival rate during larval weaning has always been a bottleneck that has restricted industrial development. Understanding the changes in liver metabolism and intestinal microflora during the weaning of largemouth bass larvae can help to design better weaning strategies and improve survival. In this study, liver mRNA and intestinal microflora 16S rRNA genes were analyzed using high-throughput sequencing at the pre, mid, and post weaning stages [15, 30, 45 days post hatching; total length (cm) were 2.21 ± 0.12, 3.45 ± 0.21, 5.29 ± 0.33, respectively]. The transcriptome results revealed that the genes with increased expression were related to amino acid metabolism in the pre-weaning stage, but they were related to fatty acid metabolism in the post-weaning stage. A similar phenomenon was observed in the intestinal microflora where the dominant microbe Proteobacteria (relative abundance 56.32%) in the pre-weaning stage was gradually replaced by Firmicutes (relative abundance 62.81%) by the post-weaning stage. In addition, the three most important digestive enzymes (trypsin, lipase, and amylase) in the intestine were significantly decreased during the mid-weaning stage (P < 0.05), which was also true for some genes crucial to immune pathways in the liver. Overall, these findings showed that weaning in largemouth bass can cause changes in liver metabolism and intestinal microbial communities, which has improved our understanding of fish adaptation to changes in food sources during weaning.