Table_2_BTK Has Potential to Be a Prognostic Factor for Lung Adenocarcinoma and an Indicator for Tumor Microenvironment Remodeling: A Study Based on TCGA Data Mining.DOCX
Tumor microenvironment (TME) plays a crucial role in the initiation and progression of lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD); however, there is still a challenge in understanding the dynamic modulation of the immune and stromal components in TME. In the presented study, we applied CIBERSORT and ESTIMATE computational methods to calculate the proportion of tumor-infiltrating immune cell (TIC) and the amount of immune and stromal components in 551 LUAD cases from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were analyzed by COX regression analysis and protein–protein interaction (PPI) network construction. Then, Bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK) was determined as a predictive factor by the intersection analysis of univariate COX and PPI. Further analysis revealed that BTK expression was negatively correlated with the clinical pathologic characteristics (clinical stage, distant metastasis) and positively correlated with the survival of LUAD patients. Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) showed that the genes in the high-expression BTK group were mainly enriched in immune-related activities. In the low-expression BTK group, the genes were enriched in metabolic pathways. CIBERSORT analysis for the proportion of TICs revealed that B-cell memory and CD8+ T cells were positively correlated with BTK expression, suggesting that BTK might be responsible for the preservation of immune-dominant status for TME. Thus, the levels of BTK might be useful for outlining the prognosis of LUAD patients and especially be a clue that the status of TME transition from immune-dominant to metabolic activity, which offered an extra insight for therapeutics of LUAD.