Table_2_Associations of HER2 Mutation With Immune-Related Features and Immunotherapy Outcomes in Solid Tumors.docx (15.88 kB)

Table_2_Associations of HER2 Mutation With Immune-Related Features and Immunotherapy Outcomes in Solid Tumors.docx

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posted on 23.02.2022, 05:01 authored by Deqiang Wang, Xiaofeng Chen, Yian Du, Xiaoqin Li, Leqian Ying, Yi Lu, Bo Shen, Xuan Gao, Xin Yi, Xuefeng Xia, Xinbing Sui, Yongqian Shu
Background

HER2 is one of the most extensively studied oncogenes in solid tumors. However, the association between tumor microenvironment (TME) and HER2 mutation remains elusive, and there are no specific therapies for HER2-mutated tumors. Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have been approved for some tumor subgroups that lack targeted therapies, while their effects are still unclear in HER2-mutated tumors. We examined whether HER2 mutation impacts treatment outcomes of ICIs in solid tumors via its association with anticancer immunity.

Methods

Multi-omics data of solid tumors from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), the Asian Cancer Research Group and the Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University were used to analyze the association between HER2 mutations and tumor features. Data of patients with multiple microsatellite-stable solid tumors, who were treated by ICIs including antibodies against programmed cell death-1 (PD-1), programmed cell death ligand-1 (PD-L1), or cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA-4) in eight studies, were collected to investigate the effects of HER2 mutations on immunotherapy outcomes.

Results

The mutation rate of HER2 varied in solid tumors of TCGA, with an overall incidence of 3.13%, ranged from 0.39% to 12.2%. Concurrent HER2 mutations and amplifications were rare (0.26%). HER2 mutation was not associated with HER2 protein expression but was positively associated with microsatellite instability, tumor mutation and neoantigen burdens, infiltrating antitumor immune cells, and signal activities of antitumor immunity. Of 321 ICI-treated patients, 18 carried HER2 mutations (5.6%) and showed improved objective response rates compared with those with HER2 wild-type (44.4% vs. 25.7%, p=0.081), especially in the anti-PD-1/anti-PD-L1 subgroup (62.5% vs. 28.4%, p=0.04). Heterogeneity was observed among tumor types. Patients with HER2 mutations also had superior overall survival than those with HER2 wild-type (HR=0.47, 95%CI: 0.23-0.97, p=0.04), especially in the presence of co-mutations in ABCA1 (HR = 0.23, 95% CI: 0.07-0.73, p=0.013), CELSR1 (HR = 0.24, 95% CI: 0.08-0.77, p=0.016), LRP2 (HR = 0.24, 95% CI: 0.07-0.74, p=0.014), or PKHD1L1 (HR = 0.2, 95% CI: 0.05-0.8, p=0.023).

Conclusions

HER2 mutations may improve the TME to favor immunotherapy. A prospective basket trial is needed to further investigate the impacts of HER2 mutations on immunotherapy outcomes in solid tumors.

History

References