Table_2_A Pilot Event-Related Potentials Study on Mechanisms Underlying a tDCS-Enhanced Food-Specific Response Inhibition Task for Patients With Binge.docx (24.08 kB)
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Table_2_A Pilot Event-Related Potentials Study on Mechanisms Underlying a tDCS-Enhanced Food-Specific Response Inhibition Task for Patients With Binge Eating Disorder.docx

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posted on 12.10.2021, 04:49 authored by Başak İnce, Sebastian M. Max, Christian Plewnia, Elisabeth J. Leehr, Stephan Zipfel, Katrin Elisabeth Giel, Kathrin Schag

Behavioural studies demonstrate alterations in cognitive functioning, particularly impaired response inhibition and increased attentional bias towards food in binge eating disorder (BED). This pilot study aimed to investigate the neurophysiological processing of a food-specific inhibition training combined with anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) of the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) in 16 patients with BED (mean age = 38.6, mean BMI = 33.7 kg/m2). Patients performed a food-specific antisaccade task at baseline (T0) and in a cross-over design with verum vs. sham stimulation at T1 and T2. We investigated (i) event-related potentials (ERPs; N2, ERN and P3 amplitudes) while executing the task at baseline, (ii) whether baseline ERPs would predict task performance at T1 and T2 and (iii) associations between ERPs, eating disorder pathology and impulsivity at baseline. The mean amplitude of N2 was less pronounced in erroneous saccades (ES) than correct saccades (CS), whereas ERN and P3 mean amplitudes were more pronounced in ES. Moreover, the P3 mean amplitude of ES predicted the percentage of ES at both follow up-measurements irrespective of the applied stimulation (sham vs. verum). N2 in trials with correct saccades were negatively correlated with nonplanning trait impulsivity, while P3 in erroneous antisaccade trials was negatively correlated with food-related impulsivity. Overall, the findings of reduced ERN, enhanced P3 and N2 amplitude might be interpreted as difficulties in response inhibition towards food in individuals with BED. In particular, P3 predicts task outcome at follow-up and might represent a potential marker for inhibitory control processes.

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