Table_1_eIF6 as a Promising Diagnostic and Prognostic Biomarker for Poorer Survival of Cutaneous Melanoma.xlsx (1.53 MB)
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Table_1_eIF6 as a Promising Diagnostic and Prognostic Biomarker for Poorer Survival of Cutaneous Melanoma.xlsx

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posted on 30.05.2022, 04:30 authored by Fangyingnan Zhang, Saquib Waheed, Ubaldo Armato, Jun Wu, Chao Zhang, Zhibin Li
Background

Skin cutaneous melanoma (SKCM) is the deadliest skin cancer and has the most rapidly increasing incidences among all cancer types. Previous research elucidated that melanoma can only be successfully treated with surgical abscission in the early stage. Therefore, reliable and specific biomarkers are crucial to melanoma diagnosis since it often looks like nevi in the clinical manifestations. Moreover, identifying key genes contributing to melanoma progression is also highly regarded as a potential strategy for melanoma therapy. In this respect, translation initiator eIF6 has been proved as a pro-tumor factor in several cancers. However, the role of eIF6 in the skin cutaneous melanoma progression and its potential as a prognostic marker is still unexplored.

Methods

The immunochemical analysis of clinical specimens were served to assess eIF6 expression levels. Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA) database consultations allowed us to find the survival rates of the eIF6-overexpressed patients. eIF6 cellular effects were evaluated in an eIF6-overexpressed A375 cell line constructed with a lentivirus. The analysis of down-stream effectors or pathways was conducted using C-Bioportal and STRING databases.

Results

Our results revealed that eIF6 was highly over-expressed in melanomas compared to normal skin specimens, and thus the abnormally high level of eIF6 can be a diagnostic marker for melanoma. The in silica analysis indicated that patients with eIF6 over-expression had lower survival rates than that low-expression in SKCM. Meanwhile, similar results also could be found in the other four types of cancers. In vitro, over-expression of eIF6 increased the proliferation and migration of melanoma cells. Correspondingly, pan-cancer clustering analysis indicated the expression level of intermediate filament proteins was correlated with that of eIF6 expression. In our study, all over-expressed keratin proteins, in accordance with over-expressed eIF6, had a negative correlation with melanoma prognosis. Moreover, the decreased methylation level of keratin genes suggested a new potential regulation mode of eIF6.

Conclusions

The up-regulated eIF6 could be a potential diagnostic and prognostic biomarker of melanoma. This study also provides insights into the potential role of eIF6 in pan-cancer epigenetic regulation.

History

References