Table_1_ZmACY-1 Antagonistically Regulates Growth and Stress Responses in Nicotiana benthamiana.docx
Aminoacylase-1 is a zinc-binding enzyme that is important in urea cycling, ammonia scavenging, and oxidative stress responses in animals. Aminoacylase-1 (ACY-1) has been reported to play a role in resistance to pathogen infection in the model plant Nicotiana benthamiana. However, little is known about its function in plant growth and abiotic stress responses. In this study, we cloned and analyzed expression patterns of ZmACY-1 in Zea mays under different conditions. We also functionally characterized ZmACY-1 in N. benthamiana. We found that ZmACY-1 is expressed specifically in mature shoots compared with other tissues. ZmACY-1 is repressed by salt, drought, jasmonic acid, and salicylic acid, but is induced by abscisic acid and ethylene, indicating a potential role in stress responses and plant growth. The overexpression of ZmACY-1 in N. benthamiana promoted growth rate by promoting growth-related genes, such as NbEXPA1 and NbEIN2. At the same time, the overexpression of ZmACY-1 in N. benthamiana reduced tolerance to drought and salt stress. With drought and salt stress, the activity of protective enzymes, such as peroxidase (POD), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase (CAT) from micrococcus lysodeikticus was lower; while the content of malondialdehyde (MDA) and relative electrolytic leakage was higher in ZmACY-1 overexpression lines than that in wild-type lines. The results indicate that ZmACY-1 plays an important role in the balance of plant growth and defense and can be used to assist plant breeding under abiotic stress conditions.