Table_1_Visual Evoked Potentials to Monitor Myelin Cuprizone-Induced Functional Changes.DOCX (20.29 kB)
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Table_1_Visual Evoked Potentials to Monitor Myelin Cuprizone-Induced Functional Changes.DOCX

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posted on 15.04.2022, 04:17 authored by Silvia Marenna, Su-Chun Huang, Gloria Dalla Costa, Raffaele d’Isa, Valerio Castoldi, Elena Rossi, Giancarlo Comi, Letizia Leocani

The visual system is one of the most accessible routes to study the central nervous system under pathological conditions, such as in multiple sclerosis (MS). Non-invasive visual evoked potential (VEP) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) were used to assess visual function and neuroretinal thickness in C57BL/6 taking 0.2% cuprizone for 7 weeks and at 5, 8, 12, and 15 days after returning to a normal diet. VEPs were significantly delayed starting from 4 weeks on cuprizone, with progressive recovery off cuprizone, becoming significant at day 8, complete at day 15. In contrast, OCT and neurofilament staining showed no significant axonal thinning. Optic nerve histology indicated that whilst there was significant myelin loss at 7 weeks on the cuprizone diet compared with healthy mice, at 15 days off cuprizone diet demyelination was significantly less severe. The number of Iba 1+ cells was found increased in cuprizone mice at 7 weeks on and 15 days off cuprizone. The combined use of VEPs and OCT allowed us to characterize non-invasively, in vivo, the functional and structural changes associated with demyelination and remyelination in a preclinical model of MS. This approach contributes to the non-invasive study of possible effective treatments to promote remyelination in demyelinating pathologies.

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