Table_1_Trans-Allelic Model for Prediction of Peptide:MHC-II Interactions.PDF (226.33 kB)

Table_1_Trans-Allelic Model for Prediction of Peptide:MHC-II Interactions.PDF

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posted on 25.06.2018 by Abdoelnaser M. Degoot, Faraimunashe Chirove, Wilfred Ndifon

Major histocompatibility complex class two (MHC-II) molecules are trans-membrane proteins and key components of the cellular immune system. Upon recognition of foreign peptides expressed on the MHC-II binding groove, CD4+ T cells mount an immune response against invading pathogens. Therefore, mechanistic identification and knowledge of physicochemical features that govern interactions between peptides and MHC-II molecules is useful for the design of effective epitope-based vaccines, as well as for understanding of immune responses. In this article, we present a comprehensive trans-allelic prediction model, a generalized version of our previous biophysical model, that can predict peptide interactions for all three human MHC-II loci (HLA-DR, HLA-DP, and HLA-DQ), using both peptide sequence data and structural information of MHC-II molecules. The advantage of this approach over other machine learning models is that it offers a simple and plausible physical explanation for peptide–MHC-II interactions. We train the model using a benchmark experimental dataset and measure its predictive performance using novel data. Despite its relative simplicity, we find that the model has comparable performance to the state-of-the-art method, the NetMHCIIpan method. Focusing on the physical basis of peptide–MHC binding, we find support for previous theoretical predictions about the contributions of certain binding pockets to the binding energy. In addition, we find that binding pocket P5 of HLA-DP, which was not previously considered as a primary anchor, does make strong contribution to the binding energy. Together, the results indicate that our model can serve as a useful complement to alternative approaches to predicting peptide–MHC interactions.