Table_1_Tolerance, Variability and Pharmacokinetics of Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel in Chinese Breast Cancer Patients.docx
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Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the tolerance, variability, and pharmacokinetics (PK) of albumin-bound paclitaxel (QL, HR, ZDTQ) among Chinese breast cancer patients.
Methods: Three randomized, open-label, two-period crossover bioequivalence studies were conducted with albumin-bound paclitaxel. Each subject received a single dose of 260 mg/m2 albumin-bound paclitaxel [sponsor 1 (QL, light food), sponsor 2 (HR, fasting), sponsor 3 (ZDTQ, light food); test] or Abraxane® (reference) and was monitored for 72 h. Serum concentrations of total paclitaxel and unbound paclitaxel were measured using liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS), and appropriate pharmacokinetic parameters were determined by non-compartmental methods. Safety assessments included adverse events, hematology and biochemistry tests.
Results: The bioequivalence analyses of the QL, HR, and ZDTQ products included 24, 23, and 24 patients, respectively. The mean t1/2 was 20.61–27.31 h for total paclitaxel. Food intake did not affect the pharmacokinetics of paclitaxel. From the comparison of total paclitaxel and unbound paclitaxel, the 90% confidence intervals (CIs) for the ratios of Cmax, AUC0−t, and AUC0−∞ were within 80.00–125.00%. The intra-subject variability ranged from 6.4–11% to 9.85–15.87% for total paclitaxel and unbound paclitaxel, respectively. Almost all subjects in the test and Abraxane® (reference) groups experienced mild or moderate adverse events. No fatal AEs or study drug injection site reactions related to these drugs were observed.
Conclusion: Albumin-bound paclitaxel (QL, HR or ZDTQ; test products) showed bioequivalence to Abraxane® (reference) with lower intra-subject variability, which was less than 16% in all cases, and was well-tolerated in Chinese breast cancer patients. Twenty-two patients are enough for an albumin-bound paclitaxel bioequivalence study.
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