Table_1_The Phosphatase PP2A Interacts With ArnA and ArnB to Regulate the Oligomeric State and the Stability of the ArnA/B Complex.XLSX
In the crenarchaeon Sulfolobus acidocaldarius, the archaellum, a type-IV pilus like motility structure, is synthesized in response to nutrient starvation. Synthesis of components of the archaellum is controlled by the archaellum regulatory network (arn). Protein phosphorylation plays an important role in this regulatory network since the deletion of several genes encoding protein kinases and the phosphatase PP2A affected cell motility. Several proteins in the archaellum regulatory network can be phosphorylated, however, details of how phosphorylation levels of different components affect archaellum synthesis are still unknown. To identify proteins interacting with the S. acidocaldarius phosphatases PTP and PP2A, co-immunoprecipitation assays coupled to mass spectrometry analysis were performed. Thirty minutes after growth in nutrient starvation medium, especially a conserved putative ATP/GTP binding protein (Saci_1281), a universal stress protein (Saci_0887) and the archaellum regulators ArnA and ArnB were identified as highly abundant interaction proteins of PP2A. The interaction between ArnA, ArnB, and PP2A was further studied. Previous studies showed that the Forkhead-associated domain containing ArnA interacts with von Willebrand type A domain containing ArnB, and that both proteins could be phosphorylated by the kinase ArnC in vitro. The ArnA/B heterodimer was reconstituted from the purified proteins. In complex with ArnA, phosphorylation of ArnB by the ArnC kinase was strongly stimulated and resulted in formation of (ArnA/B)2 and higher oligomeric complexes, while association and dephosphorylation by PP2A resulted in dissociation of these ArnA/B complexes.
- https://doi.org// 10.1016/j.neuron.2017.09.038